Parents differ on two dimensions'
that work together to produce 4 types of parenting
styles. These 2 dimension's are demand (made on the child)
and response (to the child). Parents who are highly demanding
and responsive to their child (accepting, warm and child-centred)
are known as authoritative parents. They have an equal relationship
with their child and they communicate freely back and forth. Parents
who are highly demanding and unresponsive (rejecting, cold and
self centred) are known as authoritarian parents and
are very controlling, assertive of their power and do not allow
the child equal participation in communication. Undemanding parents
that are responsive and warm, are known indulgent parents and
allow their child to get away with a great deal without attempting
to control them. Finally, parents that are undemanding and unresponsive
and cold, are known as Neglectful parents and their relationship
is indifferent and uninvolved.
How Does the Child Turn out?
Parenting style is very
important in how the child will behave. Children of parents that
use an authoritarian style of parenting tend to lack social competence
in dealing with others. They are shy, withdrawn and don't take
initiative. They have trouble making decisions and need to look
to authority to decide what is right. They lack spontaneity and
Children with authoritative
parents appear more self-controlled, willing to explore, and more
content than children raised in other types of parenting situations.
Children of indulgent parents are relatively immature,
have difficulty controlling their impulses and accepting responsibility
for actions and acting independently.
& Prosocial Behaviour
of Children & Teens