Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Therapy is a type of therapy that is also known
as Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT). It focuses on thinking,
judging, deciding, analyzing, and doing. It assumes that cognition's,
emotions, and behaviors interact and have a reciprocal cause-and-effect
relationship. The therapy teaches that our emotions stem mainly
from our beliefs, evaluations, interpretations and reactions to
The assumptions behind REBT are
that people contribute to their own psychological problems and
symptoms through the way that they interpret events and situations.
One can reorganize their behaviors by reorganizing how they think.
Operant conditioning, modeling and behavioral rehearsal can be
applied to thinking and changing it. The approach includes a collaborative
relationship between therapists and clients, the idea that cognitive
problems in thinking produce psychological distress. Therefore,
the focus of the therapy is to change cognition's and therefore
change behavior and emotions. The therapy is generally time limited
and focuses on specific and structured target problems. Through
this therapy - the client is to learn how to identify and dispute
unhealthy beliefs and to replace ineffective ways of thinking
with effective and rational thoughts. They are encouraged to stop
absolutistic thinking, blaming and repeating false beliefs.
It is believed that emotional disturbances
are due to problems in thinking - self-defeating beliefs and blame.
As well, irrational beliefs will lead to self-defeating behaviors
- for example someone may say that they must have love or approval
from others in their lives in order to feel good. The steps that
a therapist feels should be taken in order to change dysfunctional
living are an acknowledgement that we are responsible for creating
our own emotional problems, and acceptance that we have the ability
to change our disturbances significantly, a recognition that emotional
problems stem from irrational beliefs, a clear perception of ones
beliefs, a recognition of the value of disputing self-defeating
behaviors and an acceptance of the fact that to change we must
work hard in emotional and behavioral ways to counteract irrational
beliefs and feelings.
Person Centre Therapy