What is Sport Psychology?
is the scientific study of people and their behaviours in sport
and exercise activities. The aim of the study of sport
psychology is to be able to apply the knowledge learned about
these to practical uses. There are two objectives that the field
of sport psychology aims to meet. These are:
1) To understand the effects of psychological
factors on physical performance.
2) To understand the effects of participating
in physical activity on psychological development, health and
Typical questions that a sport psychologist might ask are:
* "How does anxiety affect the accuracy of an athlete's
* "Does lacking self-confidence influence a person's ability
to learn a certain sport?"
* "How does a coach's reinforcement or punishment influence
a player's performance?"
* "Does imagery training help the process of recovery in
* "Does running reduce anxiety and depression?
* "Does participating in youth sports cause young athletes
to be overly aggressive?
* "Does participation in daily physical education classes
improve a child's self-esteem?"
* "Does participation in athletics enhance personality development?"
Sports psychology applies to a
broad population of people - seniors, children, people who exercise
daily, elite athletes, average athletes, the physically and mentally
challenged, coaches, teachers and fitness
Sport psychologists conduct research,
teach about what they have learned about sport psychology and
also consult with athletes and coaches.
Performance - PST
Aspects of PST